One of the most definitive and dramatic struggles against European monarchy happened in Mexico. France attempted to install Maximilian, a member of Austrian royal family as a puppet emperor of Mexico in the 1860s. The would-be emperor, though, was resisted by one of Mexico’s most successful and well-known presidents, Benito Juarez. The liberal leader led an opposition government, fought against both foreign powers and Mexican conservatives, and destroyed the Second Mexican Empire.
The 1867 painting beleow by Cesare Dell’Acqua, depicts Maximilian accepting the Mexican throne in Trieste, Italy.
Political Legitimation and Maximilian’s Second Empire in Mexico, 1864-1867
Embracing a Sutable Past: Independence Celebrations Under Mexico’s Second Empire, 1864-6
Maximilian and His Mexican Empire
Some images of the flag and coat of arms of Maximilian’s Mexico
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